The Andaman and Nicobar Islands have a coastal length of 1,912 Km and the Continental Shelf area of about 35,000 Sq.Km. The Exclusive EconomicZone (EEZ) around these islands is about 6,00,000 Sq.Km. forming 28% of the total EEZ area of the country.
Fishing as a commercial activity is of a relatively recent origin. There is no traditional fisher community in the Islands. Fishermen from West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu have come to these islands either through settlement schemes of the Government, or voluntarily. In view of the potential and scope for development, Fisheries is considered as a thrust sector for the overall development of the Islands.